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The

Knowledgeable Choice

Grub & Insect Control

 

CHINCHBUGS and Control

 

Chinchbugs can be a problem on turfgrass throughout much of our area.  They are so small that they can literally destroy a lawn without ever being actually observed.

 

Chinchbug Adult

Adult

Chinchbug Nymph

Nymphs

 

Females start laying eggs in late spring and normally deposit over 200 eggs during a 20 - 30 day period.  Eggs are laid in the sheaths of grass plants, or other protected places and they hatch in 7 - 10 days.  The tiny red nymphs are wingless and have a white to pale yellow band across their backs.  They are extremely active, have strong appetites and start feeding immediately.  As they grow older, their colour gradually becomes darker and depending on temperature, they become adults in about 5 weeks.  The adult chinchbug has a black body that measures about 1/5 of an inch in length and a black triangular pad separates white, folded wings.

 

Chinchbugs become active in warm temperatures and activity reach a peak during extended periods of hot, dry  weather.  The chinchbug inserts its slender beak into the grass plant and extracts fluids.  Activity often starts near the reflected heat of walkways and streets but soon spreads outward into healthy turf.  The most susceptible turfs are those in sunny, sloping areas and under moisture stress.  As the grass turns from pale yellow to a lifeless tan, it is most often confused with drought.

Two or more generations can be produced in a growing season.  First generations often complete their life cycles before the first frost.  Succeeding generations hibernate in the thatch and upper parts of the soil.

 

How can we control Chinchbugs? Our Deluxe Program contains timely inspections and control as required.

 

 

GRUBS and CONTROL

 

There are three different types of grubs, June Bug, European Chafer and Japanese Beetle. Our main concern is the European Chafer.

 

1/ European Chafer

 

The European chafer was first observed as a pest problem in the 1940s in New York. Most damage occurs in light, sandy soils.

 

White Grub

White Grub

European Chafer

European Chafer

 
Life Cycle

 

Adult

  • the beetle emerges from the soil in June/July
  • the adults are 1/2 inch long and golden brown in colour
  • the heaviest flight activity is at dusk around small trees
  • eggs are laid within days of beetle flight

Larvae

  • eggs hatch from July though October
  • the larvae feed on the roots
  • most damage occurs after egg hatch
  • there is minor feeding in the spring

European Chafer Lifecycle

 

 

2/ Japanese Beetle

 

Japanese Beetle White Grub

White Grub

Japanese Beetle

Japanese Beetle

 
Life Cycle
 

Adult

  • adults emerge from the soil in late June through mid July
  • ideal beetle flight is at a temperature of 21 degrees Celsius and  relative humidity of 60%
  • when temperatures exceed 35 degrees Celsius and relative humidity is greater than 60%,
  • flight ceases
  • beetles usually feed and mate during the morning and return to the soil in the late afternoon and evening
  • egg laying continues until late July and August
  • eggs hatch in about 2 weeks

Larvae

  • for the winter months, grubs move deep into the soil below the frost line
  • in the spring, when the soil warms, grubs move to the surface to feed for 3-4 weeks
  • they pupate in late May and early June

Japanese Beetle Lifecycle

 

 

Control

 

Nematodes are microscopic worms that are found all over the world and feed on insects.

Benefits of Nematodes:

  • help provide biological control of "soil-dwelling" insect pests
  • they can infect many types of insects without harming birds or mammals
How they Work:

Nematodes carry bacteria in their body that is toxic to insects. Once they seek out the insects, they enter them through their natural body openings and release their bacteria, which multiply and eventually kill their hosts. But not before the Nematodes develop into adults, reproduce, and produce offspring. A few weeks after the initial infection, the new Nematodes develop into infective juveniles, and thousands of them emerge from the dead insect and they begin to search for their new insect hosts in the soil. 

 

When to Apply:

It's best to apply Nematodes to moist soil when temperatures are between 15-30*C. A pre-application irrigation can be applied to moisten the soil and a post-application irrigation can be applied to wash any Nematodes to the soil surface. The post-application irrigation should be applied before spray droplets dry and must provide a tenth to a quarter inch of water to allow the Nematodes to move into the upper soil layers. Applications can be made before or even during a rainfall to wash Nematodes to the soil surface.

 

Nematode Lifecycle

 

 

 
 

 

 

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